The Governorate of Hadhramout is located in the southeastern part of the Republic of Yemen, 794 kilometers east of the capital of Sana’a, between Al-Mahra to the east and Al-Jawf, Marib, and Shabwah to the west. The governorate is divided administratively into 28 districts, with the city of Mukalla as its capital. Hadhramout is the largest governorate of Yemen by area. It borders the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the north.

Hadhramout governorate information

Districts of Hadhramout: Rumah, Thamud, Qaf, Zamakh wa Manwakh, Hagr As Sai'ar, Al Abr, Al Qatn, Shibam, Sah, Sayun, Tarim,As Sawm, Ar Raydah Wa Qusayar, Ad Dis, Ash Shihr, Ghayl Bin Yamin, Ghayl Ba Wazir, Daw'an, Wadi Al Ayn, Rakhyah, Amd, Adh Dhlia'ah, Yabuth, Hajr, Brom Mayfa, Al Mukalla, Al Mukalla City, Huraidhah.

Map of Hadhramout


Most of the economically active population in Hadhramout is engaged in agriculture, fishing, or livestock rearing. The governorate produces around 5% of Yemen’s total agricultural production, notably dates, cereals, and cash crops. Hadhramout’s coast includes rich fisheries in the Arabian Sea. Alongside Marib and Shabwah, the governorate is home to the main oil-producing region of Yemen. Other mineral resources, such as gold, are present, but not currently exploited in large quantities. Hadhramout has many cultural landmarks, but tourism is very limited.1 The Al-Wadiyah border crossing with Saudi Arabia generates significant customs revenue. However, Marib currently controls the border crossing.

According to Hadhramout’s 2014 budget, grants and central subsidies constituted 89% of the total revenue for the governorate, while local revenues accounted for 11%. The most significant sources of local revenue were local shared revenues, taxes, income from the sale of goods and services, and fines and penalties.2Republic of Yemen, Ministry of Finance, Budget Sector: estimated local authority budget for the 2014 fiscal year. Please see the appendix for further information on these different types of revenue.

Despite the disruption of central government subsidies in various governorates, the local authority in Hadhramout has kept its local revenues, being far from military confrontations. This has enabled the government to continue regular payment of salaries and to cover the operational costs of the governorate. In addition, the governorate covers the investment budget for services and infrastructure maintenance from oil income, which the governorate currently receives according to a 20%-80% formula. The residents of Hadhramout had previously called for a share of oil income. The “all-inclusive Hadhramout Conference”, held on 26 April 2017, for example, called for increasing the governorate’s share to 20% for reinvestment in the governorate. Hadhramout has also received support from its large diaspora, which has been instrumental for the governorate to continue service provision.3Wadhah al-Aulaqi, Majed al-Madhji, Local Governance in Yemen Under The Conflict and Instability, Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies, July 2018, p. 23 & 31.

According to the 2014 Household Budget Survey, the poverty rate in Hadhramout was 60% of the total population. This number has likely increased since. Despite the absence of open conflict in the governorate, rapid inflation has eroded purchasing power among the population.

Local governance

The local council of Hadhramout has 28 councilors in addition to the governor.4Website of the Governorate of Hadhramout: Date: 18 March 2019. The local council was disrupted during the period of Al-Qaeda’s rule over Mukalla from April 2015-April 2016. It remains suspended. The council is not operational and has not met in several years. A number of council seats are vacant due to death or absence of councilors, such as the secretary general of the council who has been abroad for the past three years. The executive bureau of the governorate is functioning normally, within the fiscal constraints. The executive offices are supported by the local authority and donor organizations.5Interview with one of the local authority leaders, Hadhramout. March 2019.

Access to basic services

There are nearly 900,000 people in need of assistance in Hadhramout (approximately 65% of the population), 38% of whom are in dire need.6OCHA, Humanitarian Response Plan for Yemen 2018.

In the health sector, hospitals and health centers are working regularly to provide services to the population. They are supported by the local authority and by donors. This support has allowed the maintenance of service provision levels as well as expansion and construction of new health facilities and equipment.7Website of the Governorate of Hadhramout: Date: 18 March 2019 Despite functioning health facilities, the services provided are insufficient to meet the demands of the population, especially with the influx of people displaced from Al-Mahra and Shabwah.8Interview with one of the local authority leaders, Hadhramout. March 2019.

Schools in the governorate have not been affected by the conflict. Teachers’ salaries are being paid regularly and education has continued without disruptions.9Economic and Social Development In Yemen Newsletter (Issue No. 30, December 2017), published by the Economic Studies and Forecast Sector in the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. As for drinking water, 94% of households in Hadhramout had access to potable water in 2017.10OCHA: An Overview of the Humanitarian Needs in Yemen 2018.


District Size (km2) Population (Female) Population (Male) Population (Total)
Rumah 26,497 4,055 5,097 9,153
Thamud 16,242 2,800 3,637 6,437
Al Qaf 28,741 1,454 1,679 3,133
Zamakh wa Manwakh 24,205 985 1,172 2,156
Hagr As Sai’ar 2,986 1,519 2,089 3,608
Al Abr 7,461 2,001 2,762 4,762
Al Qatn 3,135 44,405 48,620 93,026
Shibam 118 34,048 37,117 71,165
Sah 2,541 16,900 17,995 34,895
Seiyun 804 70,060 78,440 148,500
Tarim 28,940 68,161 77,943 146,105
As Sawm 12,341 8,666 9,648 18,314
Ar Raydah Wa Qusayar 3,534 31,110 34,296 65,406
Ad Dis 2,400 16,129 17,790 33,919
Ash Shihr 2,256 50,235 57,100 107,335
Ghayl Bin Yamin 4,632 19,486 20,698 40,184
Ghayl Ba Wazir 2,418 33,434 37,830 71,264
Daw’an 955 31,436 31,996 63,431
AWadi l Ayn 3,547 19,581 21,313 40,894
Rakhyah 2,269 6,415 6,044 12,458
Amd 737 14,376 14,407 28,783
Adh Dhlia’ah 1,101 13,882 13,049 26,931
Yabuth 2,499 6,798 7,494 14,292
Hajr 1,741 17,939 19,237 37,175
Brom Mayfa 2,256 11,737 13,464 25,201
Al Mukalla 955 11,521 12,808 24,328
Al Mukalla City 1,008 119,758 144,342 264,100
Huraidhah 1,222 12,725 14,355 27,080
TOTAL 187,542 671,612 752,424 1,424,036

Figures are 2017 Yemen Central Statistical Organization projections based on the 2004 census.

Resources relevant to Hadhramout

Law 4/2000 Concerning the Local Authority

Law 4/2000 Concerning the Local Authority

The full text of the Local Authorities Law 4/2000 in English and Arabic.

Supporting Local Governance in Yemen: Steps to Improving Relationships between Citizens and Government, Manual for Local Councilors, Civil Society Organizations and Citizens

Supporting Local Governance in Yemen: Steps to Improving Relationships between Citizens and Government, Manual for Local Councilors, Civil Society Organizations and Citizens

This manual was designed for local councilors and civil society organisations in Yemen. It introduces the role of local councils within the local governance set-up of Yemen and introduces tools that councilors and civil society actors can use to monitor expenditure and improve relations with citizens. It introduces a six-step process for assessing public expenditure […]

Changing Local Governance in Yemen The areas under the control of the internationally recognised government

Changing Local Governance in Yemen The areas under the control of the internationally recognised government

Following a brief overview of local governance in Yemen since unification in 1990 for background, this report analyses the current situation in areas under the control of the internationally recognized government, focusing on changes in decision-making, changes in revenues, and changes in services. It closes with a consideration of the implications of these changes for […]

Climate Change and Conflict in Hadhramawt and Al Mahra

Climate Change and Conflict in Hadhramawt and Al Mahra

This report identifies the key environmental issues facing the populations of Hadhramawt and Al Mahra today, based on interviews conducted in the two governorates. It highlights that formerly exceptional droughts, floods and typhoons have become common phenomena and that such disasters, alognside other environmental concerns, represent additional stressors on communities, local administrations and existing institutions […]

Yemen’s Draft Constitution of 2015

Yemen’s Draft Constitution of 2015

This is an unofficial translation of Yemen’s draft constitution that was finalized on 15 January 2015 by the Constitutional Drafting Committee. This unofficial translation was carried out by the United Nations and reviewed by International IDEA ( The draft includes 446 articles along 10 chapters, prepared by the Constitution Drafting Committee. The committee which was […]